Which treatments are available?

Social workers sometimes refer to the way in which they help you - the therapy - in a different way than researchers do. Below, we describe a number of therapies in the way they are described by researchers. Researchers are the people who have tested whether these therapies actually help. There are of course other ways to help you feel better that researchers haven't tested yet.

The list below provides a general description of the therapies. Keep in mind that the therapies are different for each different problem and each different person. As such, your treatment may differ slightly from the method described below. This may be due to the fact that there is always an assessment of how the therapy can work best for you. Adjustments sometimes have to be made.

  • Psychoeducation: You learn about what exactly your problems are and how they come about. This helps you deal with them better and gain more self-confidence. Psychoeducation is part of each treatment.
  • Behavioural therapy: In behavioural therapy, you learn how you can behave better in certain situations.
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy: EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing)This therapy involves performing a simple exercise - such as listening to sounds through headphones - while thinking about other, difficult things. This ensures that your thoughts and feelings about these difficult things will not be as bad in the future.
  • Group therapy: Talking about your problems in a group with others who suffer from the same problems.
  • Medication: Taking medication, in the form of a pill or drink, can help you think or act differently and feel better. Keep in mind that all medication can have adverse effects, which means that you may actually begin to experience other problems.
  • Motivational talk: You talk with a social worker about what would happen if you change your behaviour, covering both the advantages and disadvantages. This is part of almost every treatment.
  • Parent training: Your parents can also learn how they can behave differently or how they can help you to feel better.
  • Psychotherapy: You usually have one session per week and it lasts roughly 45 minutes. These sessions focus on how you feel and how that is related to what you experience or have experienced each day. It helps you understand yourself better, or see why others act the way they do. You get support and sometimes advice, or you perform exercises with things you find difficult. If you don't want to talk, you can also play. In psychotherapy, it is all about you.
  • Social training: You learn how you deal with and talk to others differently.
  • Family therapy:Together with your whole family, you learn to come up with solutions for your problems.
  • Multisystem therapy: With multisystem therapy, you, your parents and your environment - such as school - undergo a wide variety of therapy simultaneously. This is done to ensure that you feel better and act more appropriately in each situation.
  • Expressive therapy: Doing and experiencing is the main focus of this therapy. You can put what you learn immediately into practice. There are different types of expressive therapy: drama therapy, music therapy, psychomotor therapy (PMT), art therapy and dance therapy. Each therapy works with a certain medium, such as theatre, music, exercise and sports (PMT), drawing, painting, handicrafts and dance.
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