Glossary

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

A

ADD – Attention Deficit Disorder: ADD is a form of ADHD. When you have ADD, you have difficulty concentrating. This means that you have difficulty paying attention for long or you forget things. The difference with ADHD is that you are not hyperactive.

ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: When you have ADHD, you have difficulty concentrating and you are hyperactive.

Advice: The different people with whom you have spoken and all other information from questionnaires and tests are brought together and considered. This results in an idea of what the problem is (i.e. a diagnosis) and what treatment is best in your situation. This idea is then presented to you and your parents.

Aggressive disorder: You have an aggressive disorder if you get angry very quickly and frequently. In this disorder, it is common for you to curse, scream, hit, steal things or lie a lot.

Anorexia nervosa: When you have anorexia, you eat a lot less than you need to develop properly and concentrate at school or do your homework properly. You are afraid to gain weight or you think you are too fat.

Anxiety: When you have an anxiety disorder, you are extremely afraid of one or more things. You can’t sleep because of it and the same feeling of fear keeps coming back.

Asperger syndrome: Asperger syndrome is a form of autism. It is difficult for you to make contact with others or understand them properly. However, you don’t have any language problems and you keep up at school.

Autism: When you have autism, it is difficult for you to make contact with others or understand things in the way others understand them.

B

Behavioural disorder: This is a collective term for problems – referred to as disorders – that are related to your behaviour. You misbehave so often that it is a problem for yourself or others. ADHD and CD are behavioural disorders.

Behavioural therapist: These therapists are often psychotherapists or psychologists. They have a degree in behavioural therapy, meaning that they help you to change how you act, think and feel. This can be very useful.

Behavioural therapy: Exercises or talks which teach you how to deal with problems.

Bulimia nervosa: When you have bulimia, you are afraid of getting heavier or fat. You are sometimes able not to eat, but afterwards you are so hungry that you eat a whole lot of food all at once – this is called binge eating. To make sure you don’t get heavier, you vomit the food you’ve eaten or use laxatives to get it out of your body as quickly as possible.

C

CD – Conduct Disorder: When you have conduct disorder, you get not only angry, but you also often do things – like teasing and lying – that you ought not to do. Occasionally, you also might destroy or steal things.

Child and adolescent forensic psychiatry: Child and adolescent forensic psychiatry pertains to children and adolescents with psychological problems who are in a unique and difficult situation. They might, for example, have been arrested by the police.

Child and adolescent psychiatry: Click here

Cognitive behavioural therapy: A treatment in which you learn how you can think and act differently in order to make your life a bit easier for yourself and those around you.

D

Depression: When you have depression, you feel gloomy or you have little energy or desire to do things. This feeling lasts longer than two weeks and doesn’t just go away.

E

Eating disorder: When you have an eating disorder, you think all day about what you have to eat, when you have to eat and how much you have to eat (or allow yourself to eat).

EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing): In this treatment, you have to perform a simple exercise – such as listening to sounds through headphones – while thinking about other, difficult things. This ensures that your thoughts and feelings about these difficult things will not be as bad in the future.

Examinations: These often include more than one interview, with different experts. You are asked to complete questionnaires and tests – sometimes alone, sometimes with your parents and sometimes with the whole family. These interviews can be quite in-depth.

F

Family therapist: A family therapist has a degree in a study like psychology and has then learned how to talk with families about their problems and to ensure that everyone cooperates well to solve problems.

Family therapy: A treatment in which you learn to come up with solutions to your problems together with the whole family.

G

Group therapy: A treatment in a group with others who suffer from the same problems.

H

Hereditary: If someone from your family, such as your parents or brothers and sisters, has a problem, there is a large chance that you will also get it.

Hyperactive: When you have ADHD, you can be hyperactive. 

I

Intake interview: This is an interview in which a social worker and you get to know each other. Topics dealt with include what your problems are, how long you have had these problems, what have you all gone through and what have you all already done to improve the situation.

M

Manic depressive: When you are manic depressive, you sometimes feel excessively happy and sometimes extremely sad.

Medication: This can be a pill or a drink that you are given to make you feel better.

Mental Health Care (GGZ): GGZ clinics are part of the health care provided in the Netherlands. They are like hospitals for people with psychological problems.

Mental health problems: Behavioural problems or emotional problems. These problems can be related to something in your brain.

Motivational talk A treatment in which you talk with a social worker about what would happen if you change your behaviour. You also talk about the advantages and disadvantages. This is part of almost every treatment.

Multisystem therapy: A treatment in which you, your parents and your environment – such as school – undergo a wide variety of therapy simultaneously. This is done to ensure that you feel better and act more appropriately in each situation.

O

OCD – Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: When you have OCD, you have ideas in your head or thoughts about things that keep coming back. You have the feeling that you keep doing something over again because something bad will happen if you don’t.

ODD – Oppositional Defiant Disorder: When you have ODD, you can’t stand it when someone tells you that you have to do something or, as it may be, that you can’t do something. This makes you extremely angry.

Outpatient treatment: When you receive outpatient treatment, you go to a special clinic during the day for children with problems. However, you sleep at home.

P

Panic: A sudden feeling of fear or tension without anything actually having happened.

Parent training: A treatment for your parents They can learn how they can behave differently or how they can help you to feel better.

PDD NOS – Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified: It is a form of autism. It is difficult for you to make contact with others or understand things, but these problems don’t bother you very much.

Psychiatrist: This is a doctor for people with psychological problems, which are behavioural problems or emotional problems. These problems can be related to something in your brain.

Psychoeducation: A treatment in which you learn what exactly your problems are and how they come about. This helps you deal with them better and gain more self-confidence. Psychoeducation is part of each treatment.

Psychologist: Someone who helps people with psychological problems, which are behavioural problems or emotional problems. These problems can be related to something in your brain.

Psychosis: This is when you have a lot hallucinations, like hearing voices or feeling like someone is following you, thinking problems or a very empty feeling.

Psychotherapists: Psychotherapists are often psychologists, educators or psychiatrists who have studied extensively in order to help others change and achieve their goals.

R

Referral: A suggestion or recommendation from a doctor or the Youth Care Agency (Bureau Jeugdzorg) to go to a child psychiatrist or a mental healthcare clinic for young people.

Registration: You can do this by phone. You are often sent forms or questionnaires which you and your parents have to complete. This saves time during the appointment.

S

Social training: A treatment in which you learn how you deal with and talk to others differently.

Sociotherapists: You will come across sociotherapists primarily in outpatient clinics or inpatient departments. They help you with everyday problems and act as a kind of mentor to you.

T

Therapy:There are different types of treatment: The basic idea is that an adult helps you take care of your problems, feel better and achieve your goals. This usually involves a number of sessions, either once a week or once every two weeks. It is often a fixed working method which is known to be helpful. Therapy or training can also take the form of group or family sessions.

Tics / Tics disorder: A movement or sound that you make several times a day and that you have difficulty suppressing.

Tourette Syndrome: A disorder which features tics, which are movements or sounds that you make several times a day. In Tourette syndrome, you make several movements and at least one sound. You repeat these tics several times a day and you have suffer from them for more than a year.

Treatment plan: A plan with exercises (behavioural therapy) to teach you how to deal better with your problem. The plan also describes whether you need medication.

W

Worrying: Thinking a lot for a long time about certain things that give you a negative feeling.

 

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